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南美洲的区域治理: 演进、危机与前景

作者: 王鹏  时间: 2021-03-11  来源:日博电竞-「官方网站」

摘 要: 21世纪以来,南美洲国家强调以政治领域和安全领域作为区域治理的重点。南美国家联盟成为区域治理的核心组织,积极调停成员国之间冲突,捍卫成员国的民主体制,管控外部因素对地区安全的影响,强化区域认同。南美国家联盟与美洲国家组织分属不同的区域治理体系,形成显著的竞争关系。委内瑞拉问题引发南美洲国家的严重分化和尖锐对立,成为导致南美国家联盟解体的直接诱因。联盟的解体使南美洲失去在区域层面应对政治-安全事务的唯一“抓手”,折射出南美洲区域治理作为合作型区域治理和主权增强型区域治理所面对的脆弱性。

关键词: 区域治理;区域主义;区域化;南美国家联盟

 

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一、区域治理: 概念的辨析

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