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拉丁美洲的精神: 文化与政治传统

  时间: 2020-12-09  

书号: 978-7-308-18681-0
      作者: [美]霍华德·J.威亚尔达(Howard J. Wiarda)
      译者: 郭存海 邓与评 叶健辉 张森根 审校
      出版年月: 2019年7月第1版
      印次: 2019年7月第1次印刷
      定价: 78.00元
      字数: 355千
      页码: 468页

 

内容简介

ZAIZHEIBENFUYOURUIJIANDEZHUZUOZHONG,HUOHUADE•J.WEIYAERDAJITANTAOLELADINGMEIZHOUZHENGZHIWENHUADEJIDAZHUTI,YOUTANTAOLELADINGMEIZHOUZHUMINZHUMOSHIJIQIJIONGYIYUMEIGUOMINZHUMOSHIDEYUANYIN。CIWAI,BENSHUHAIJUJIAOYUYIBILIYAHELADINGMEIZHOUDEZHENGZHILILUN,KAOCHALEZHEIZHONGLILUNDUIYUMINZHUFAZHANHEMEIGUOWAIJIAOZHENGCEDEYIYI。WEIYAERDATIAOCHULAMEIZHENGZHISHIDESIWEIFANSHI,FENXILECONGGUDAIDAO21SHIJIDESHEHUI、JINGJI、ZHIDU、WENHUAHEZONGJIAOYINSUDUIYIBILIYAHELAMEIWENMINGDEYINGXIANG。

作者简介

日博电竞HUOHUADE•J.WEIYAERDA(Howard J. Wiarda),MEIGUOBIJIAOZHENGZHIHEWAIJIAOZHENGCEYANJIULINGYUDINGJIANXUEZHE,MEIGUOZUOZHIYADAXUEGUOJIGUANXIXICHUANGSHIREN,HUASHENGDUNTEQUZHANLVEHEGUOJIYANJIUZHONGXINGAOJIYANJIUYUAN。CENGJIUDUYUMIXIEGENDAXUE、FOLUOLIDADAXUE、MEIGUOGUOJIAJUNSHIXUEYUAN。CHUDUILAMEIHENANOUDEZHENGZHIHEFAZHANYOUSHENRUYANJIUWAI,WEIYAERDAHAIDUIYAZHOU、DONGOUHEELUOSIJINXINGLEDALIANGYANJIU。QIDUTEERSHENKEDESIXIANGBUJINLINGTAXIANGYUXUESHUJIE,YEDUIZHENGCEZHIDINGZHEMENYINGXIANGPOSHEN。TACENGRENMEIGUOSIRENZONGTONGDEGUWEN,BINGWEIMEIGUOGUOWUYUAN、GUOFANGBUHEQITAZHENGFUJIGOUJISIRENZUZHICHUMOUHUACE。ZHONGYAOZUOPINYOU《QUANQIUHUASHIDAIDEOUZHOUZHENGZHI》《BIJIAOZHENGZHIXUEDAOLUN》《HOULENGZHANSHIDAIMEIGUODEDUIWAIZHENGCEHEZHANLVE》《MEIGUODEDUIWAIZHENGCE》《MINZHUJIQIBUMAN》《LAMEIDEZHENGZHIHEFAZHAN》DENG。

译者简介

GUOCUNHAI,FAXUEBOSHI,ZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUEYUANLADINGMEIZHOUYANJIUSUOSHEHUIWENHUAYANJIUSHIZHUREN,FUYANJIUYUAN,ZHONGLAQINGNIANXUESHUGONGTONGTI(CECLA)LIANHEFAQIRENJIANFUZEREN,YIYOU《BAXISHI》《GONGXIANGXINGSHEHUI: LADINGMEIZHOUDEFAZHANYUANJING》《CHIDAOZHINAN: BAXIDEXINXINGYUGUANGMANG》,ZHUBIAN《ZHONGGUOYULAMEI: SHANHAIBUWEIYUAN》(ZHONGWENBANHEXIWENBAN,2016),《YIDAIYILUHELADINGMEIZHOU: XINJIYUYUXINTIAOZHAN》(ZHONGWENBANHEXIWENBAN,2018)。ZHUYAOYANJIULINGYUBAOKUOLAMEISIXIANGWENHUAHEZHONGLAGUANXI,TEBIESHIWENHUAGUANXI。

DENGYUPING,WENXUEBOSHIYUZHENGZHIXUEBOSHI,AGENTINGSAERWADUODAXUESHEHUIKEXUEXUEYUANJIANGSHI,SHEHUIKEXUEYANJIUZHONGXINYANJIUYUAN。

YEJIANHUI,ZHEXUEBOSHI,ZHEJIANGWAIGUOYUXUEYUANMAKESIZHUYIXUEYUANFUJIAOSHOU,ZHUYAOCONGSHILADINGMEIZHOUJIEFANGSHENXUE、LADINGMEIZHOUMAKESIZHUYIXIANGGUANYANJIU。

【审校者简介】

ZHANGSENGEN,ZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUEYUANLADINGMEIZHOUYANJIUSUOYANJIUYUANHEBOSHISHENGDAOSHI。1961NIANHE1964NIANXIANHOUBIYEYUNANJINGDAXUELISHIXIHEFUDANDAXUELISHIXILADINGMEIZHOUSHIYANJIUSHENGZHUANYE。ZHUYOU《LINGWUDUOYUANSHIJIAOXIADELADINGMEIZHOU》,CANYUCHUBANDEYIZHUYOU《JIANMINGLAMEISHI》《XIANDAILADINGMEIZHOU》HESHIJUANBEN《JIANQIAOLADINGMEIZHOUSHI》。

ZUOZHEJIYIYINFAZHENGYIDEZONGHEFENXIFA,JIANGJIAJUDANGQIANGUANYULADINGMEIZHOUMINZHUQIANJINGHEJUWAIRENTUIDONGMINZHUDEJUXIANXINGDENGFANGMIANDEZHENGLUN。——《WAIJIAOSHIWUZAZHI》(Foreign Affairs)

日博电竞DUIRENHEYIGEYOUXINGQULEJIELADINGMEIZHOUHUOGAIDIQUGUOJIADEDUZHEERYAN,BENSHUDOUSHIYIBENJIFURUIJIANDERUMENDUWU。——《CHUBANRENZHOUKAN》(Publishers Weekly)

日博电竞《LADINGMEIZHOUDEJINGSHEN: WENHUAYUZHENGZHICHUANTONG》ZUOLEYIJIANFEICHANGLEBUQIDEGONGZUO,NEIJIUSHIDUILADINGMEIZHOUDEZHENGZHICHUANTONGJIYULETONGSHIXINGJIESHAO。——《LISHIXINSHUPINGLUN》(History:Reviews of NewBooks)

 

目录一览
导 论 
第一章 建国根基的反差:美国和拉美  
第二章 起源:希腊、罗马、 «圣经»和中世纪基督教  
第三章 中世纪的伊比利亚:独特的传统  
第四章 西班牙和葡萄牙在美洲  
第五章 自由主义和拉美独立运动  
第六章 实证主义:秩序和进步的哲学 
第七章 民族主义  
第八章 马克思主义 
第九章 法团主义  
第十章 冲突社会: 20世纪30年代至80年代 
第十一章 民主转型——抑或转型不足?  
日博电竞 第十二章 拉美向何处去?

 

前言

拉丁美洲: 一座“活着的博物馆”

日博电竞MEIGUORENHENNANLIJIELAMEI。《NIUYUESHIBAO》ZISHENJIZHEZHANMUSI·LAISIDUN(James Reston)CENGXIEDAO,“MEIGUOYUANYIWEILAMEIZUORENHESHIQING,JIUSHIBUYUANYILIJIETA。”ZUOWEIZUOZHE,RIBODIANJINGZIRANXIWANGLAISIDUNDEGAOJIEBINGBUSHIYONGRIBODIANJINGDESHU。SHIJISHANG,RIBODIANJINGXIEZHEIBENSHUDEMUDEZHENGSHIYAOBANGZHUBEIMEIRENLIJIELAMEI。

日博电竞BEIMEIRENDUILAMEICHIYOUZHUDUOCHENGJIAN,YOUCIZUAILEDUILAMEIDELIJIE。GUDIANDEKEBANYINXIANGDADUOLAIZICHUANTONGDIANYINGHE《NIUYUEKE》DEMANHUA,BIRUZAIXIGEJU“GEMING”ZHONG,LUOSAIHUDEMENGNANMENZONGMACHICHENG、JINJINCHUCHUZONGTONGFU;DAIZHEKUANBIANMAODENONGMINZAIKAFEISHUXIAWUSHUI;TOUSHANGDINGZHEXIANGJIAOHEBOLUODEFUNVZAIDAJIESHANGHUANKUAIDIPIANPIANQIWU。ERZAIXINDEKEBANYINXIANGLI,HUNSHUIDENONGMINCHENGLEJIANTIAOQIANGFEIDEYONGGANYOUJIDUIYUAN,XIANGMEIGUOSHICHANGGONGYINGDUPINDEYAOCHANWANGUANDEDUPINFANZI,HUOZHEZAIHAFODAXUESHOUGUOJIAOYU、SHENGCHENGJIANGMEISHIMINZHUHEZIYOUSHICHANGDAIDAOLAMEIDEBAOSHOUJISHUZHUANJIA。BUGUO,XINJIUKEBANYINXIANGDOUBUSHIFENQIADANG,FANDAOZUAILELIJIEZHEIGEDIQUFUZAXINGDEZHUDUONULI。

日博电竞CHULEZHEIXIEKEBANYINXIANG,YOUAIYULEJIELAMEIDEYINSUHAIBAOKUO: JUJUEZHANZAILAMEIDEJIAODULIJIELAMEI。BEIMEIRENWANGWANGJIANGBEIMEISHEHUIKANZUOSHIGAOJIDE、BIJIAOFADADEHEQITASHEHUIXIAOFANGDEBANGYANG。MEIGUOBEISHIZUODENGTA,“SHANDIANZHICHENG”,MEIGUORENZEBEISHIZUO“SHANGDIDEXUANMIN” 。MEIGUORENZONGSHIJIANGLAMEIHELAMEIRENKANZUOSHIXUYAOJIESHOUJIAOYUDEXIAOHAIZI,JIAOSHOUQIXINGWEIXUHEHUMINZHUHEJINGJIGUIZE。MEIGUORENRENWEILAMEIXIWANGBIANDEHEMEIGUOYIYANG,BINGCHAOZHEMEIGUOMOSHI“FAZHAN”,XIANGBISHI: ZIYOUDE、MINZHUDE、DUOYUANDEHEZIYOUQIYEDAOXIANGDE。YAOXIANGCHENGGONG,LAMEIBIXUMOFANGMEIGUO,ZHEIYANGJIUKEYIGANSHANGMEIGUODEZHENGZHI、SHEHUIHEJINGJIFAZHANSHUIPING。JIUXIANGWUDELUO·WEIERXUN、YUEHAN·F.KENNIDI、JIMI·KATE、LUONADE·LIGEN,YIJIMEIGUOLISHISHANGQITAWUSHUDERENYIYANG,MEIGUORENSHITUJIAODAOLAMEIRUHEZUOYIGEHAOZHENGFU、HANWEISHEHUIZHENGYIHEBAOCHIJINGJIXIAOLV。MEIGUORENDUIDAILAMEIDEZHEIZHONGZHONGZUZHONGXINZHUYI(JITONGGUOZIJIDEYANJINGKANBIEREN,JUJUEZHANZAIDUIFANGDELICHANGLIJIEDUIFANG)GUANCHUANZHENGGELISHI,ZHIJINRENGRANRUCI。ZHEIQIAQIASHIBEIMEIRENWUFALIJIELAMEIDEGENBENYUANYIN。

BUGUO,ZHEILITANLUNDEBINGFEIZHISHIKEBANYINXIANGHEZHONGZUZHONGXINZHUYI,HAICHANZAZHEYANZHONGDEPIANJIAN——RIBODIANJINGZHEILISHUODEYISIBINGBUZHIYUMINZUHUOZHONGZUPIANJIAN。ZHEISHIYINWEILAMEIGOUJIANDEJICHUSHIFENGJIANGUATOU、WEIQUANZHUYIHEJINGYINGZHUYI。LAMEISHIYIXILIEYINSUZUOYONGDEJIEGUO,BIRUFANZONGJIAOGAIGEYUNDONG、ZHONGSHIJIJINGYUANZHEXUEHETIANZHUJIAO、ZONGJIAOCAIPANSUOHECHILUOLUODEFEIPINGDENG、FEIDUOYUANZHUYIHEFEIMINZHUDEYUANZE。ZHEIXIEZAOQITEZHENGZHONGJINGUANYOUBUSHAOMUQIANYIJINGMINGXIANDIBEIXIUZHENG、GENGXINHUO“XIANDAIHUA”LE,DANZHIJINRENGRANSHENZHIYUWENHUAXINGWEI、SHEHUIXINGWEI、ZHENGZHIXINGWEI,YIJIGAIDIQUDEZHUYAOJIGOU。DADUOSHUMEIGUORENTANCHENG,TAMENDUIZHEIXIEXIXINGGANDAOBUSHUFU,YINWEIZHEIYANGYIGESHEHUIBUJINJIANLIYUBUPINGDENGZHISHANG,ERQIE——ZHISHAOZAISIRENLINGYU——MEIYOURENHEQIANYI、KUIJIUHEBUHAOYISI。JIEGUO,TAMENJIUYOULEYIZHONGCHUANJIAOSHIDETAIDU: MEIGUOHUOZHEBIXUJIAODAOLAMEIRENRUHEANMEIGUOFANGSHIXINGSHI,HUOZHERENWEILAMEIBUKEBIMIANDIYAOXIANGMEISHIZHIDUFAZHAN。YINWEILINGYITIAODAOLU——YIGEBUPINGDENGDE、CHONGCHIZHEYIDUANSHENPANDEHEFEIMINZHUDESHEHUI——SHIWANQUANBUKEJIESHOUDE。RUCIFANDUODEPIANJIAN、QISHIHEWUJIE,YIJICHUANJIAOSHIDETAIDUZUAILEMEIGUORENANZHAOLAMEIDEFANGSHIYUQIDAJIAODAO,JITONGGUOLAMEIZIJIDEZHIDUHEJIGOUDEYUANZEYUNZHUAN,ERBUQIANGZHIGUANSHUBEIMEIGENSHENDIGUDEJIAZHIGUANNIANHEXINYANG。

BENSHUJIANGLAMEIKANZUOSHIYIGEDUTEDEWENHUAQUYUHUOWENMING。RIBODIANJINGZAIBENSHUZHONGFENXIZHEIGEDIQUDELUJINGSHIQIWENHUA、YUYANHEZHIDU,ERFEITOUGUODAIZHEBEIMEIPIANHAODE、MEIGUISEDEYANJING。RIBODIANJINGCHENGRENLAMEIFASHENGLEBIANHUA、YANJINHEFAZHAN,RIBODIANJINGYECHENGRENWAIBUYINGXIANGDEZUOYONG,BIRUMEIGUODUIGAIDIQUDESHENKEYINGXIANG。JINGUANRUCI,RIBODIANJINGRENGLITUDONGCHAWEISHENMELAMEIBUTONGYUMEIGUO,LAMEIRUHEBUTONGYUMEIGUO,YIJIWEISHENMELAMEIDEZHENGZHI、SHEHUIHEJINGJIHEMEIGUOCUNZAIZHERUCIDADEFANCHA。RIBODIANJINGKAOCHADESHILAMEIWENMINGDEJICHUHEBENYUAN,ZHUISUQILISHIDEYANJINGUOCHENG,BIAOMINGLAMEIHEMEIGUORUHEZAILISHISHANGHEDANGQIANCUNZAIZHEJIERANBUTONGDEYUNZUOFANGSHI。(ZHUYI: RIBODIANJINGSHUODESHI“BUTONGDE”ERFEI“XINXINGDE”、“QIANFADADE”HUOZHE“LUOHOUDE”。)ZAIBENSHUZHONG,RIBODIANJINGSHITUJIESHILAMEIRUHEZUOWEIYIGEDUTEDESHEHUIYUNZHUAN,QINEIBUGUIFANHEYUNZUOGUIZESHISHENME,LAMEIDEDUTEXINGSHISHENME,YIJIWEISHENMEHERUHEYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGBUTONGYUMEIGUOWENMINGDENG。JINGUANRIBODIANJINGJIELIGENJUQINEIBUDONGTAILEJIELAMEI,DANRIBODIANJINGRENGSHITUZANSHIGEZHIRIBODIANJINGDEGUANDIAN。

BUGUO,BENSHUDEMUDEBINGBUZHIYUBANGZHUGENGHAODILIJIELAMEI——JINGUANYEFEICHANGZHIDEZHEIYANGZUO。TAHAIYOUBIJIAOYANJIUHELILUNGOUJIANDEGENGGAOLIXIANG。TONGCHANGERYAN,MEIGUORENJIANGYUEHAN•LUOKE、ZHANMUSI•MAIDIXUNHETUOMASI•JIEFEIXUNKANZUOSHIMEIGUODUOYUANZHUYIHEDAIYIZHIMINZHUDEZHEXUEDIZAOREN。DANSHEISHILAMEIDEZHEXUEDIZAOZHENI?DAANKENDINGBAOKUOZHONGSHIJITIANZHUJIAOJIAOYIDEDIZAOZHESHENGTUOMASI•AKUINEI,YESUHUIDEXINJINGYUANZHEXUEJIAFULANGXISIKE•SUYALEISI——TAKEXUEDIJIESHILEXIBANYAGUOJIAGOUJIANJINCHENGZHONGXINGCHENGDEWANGQUANZHIDUHEZHIMINZHIDUJIYULEKEXUEDEJIESHI,RANG-YAKE•LUSUO——ZHENGMINGLEZISHANGERXIADE、YOUJIDEMINZHUTONGCHANGDAOZHIWEIQUANZHUYI,SHIZHENGZHUYIDECHUANGSHIRENAOGUSITE•KONGDE——TASHEJILEJINGYINGDAOXIANGDEJINBUMOSHI,CONGERDAOZHILAMEIXUNSUBEITONGHUA——ZHIJINRENGBEIXINFENG。BEIMEIZHOUHELAMEIZHEILIANGDAZHEXUECHUANTONGDECHAYISHIXIANGDANGJUDADE,ERYAOJIESHIZHEILIANGGEMEIZHOUZHIJIANDEXIANGDUIFENHUAHAIYOUHENZHANGDELUYAOZOU。BUGUO,ZHEILIANGDAGAINIAN,LUOKEDEHEAKUINEI-SUYALEISIDE,DANGQIANRENGCHUYUKUNJINGZHONG,YINWEIZHEIXIESHEHUISHIJIYUQIZIJIDEYUANZERIBODIANJINGDE;LIANGDAGAINIANDOUKENENGSHIGUOSHIDE,JUNMIANLINHEFAXINGWEIJI。YINCI,CONGYIGECENGMIANSHANGLAISHUO,ZHEIBENSHUGUANZHUDEJIAODIANSHILAMEI;DANCONGLINGYIGECENGMIANSHANGLAISHUO,TASHIYIZHONGBIJIAOXINGYANJIU,KAOCHADESHIMEIGUOHELAMEIDEXINGCHENGYUANZE,TANJIUSHIFOUMEIYIGEXILIEYUANZESHIFOUDOUTONGJINTIANFUZADESHEHUI(BEIFANGHENANFANG)XIANGLIANXI。

日博电竞RIBODIANJINGHAIYAOSHUOSHUOBENSHUDEYANJIUFANGFA,JINGUANZHEIGEHUATIZAIQIANYANZHONGYIJINGXIANGXIDICHANSHUGUOLE。SHOUXIAN,RIBODIANJINGTEBIEZHONGSHIDESHILAMEIDESIXIANGHEZHENGZHIWENHUASHI。ZHEIGEZHUTIZAIDANGDAISHEHUIJINGJIHEZHIDUFANGMIANDEYANJIUZHONGCHANGCHANGBEIHULVE,DANRIBODIANJINGRENWEIZHEISHIJIQIZHONGYAODE。QICI,RIBODIANJINGXUNQIUJIANGZHEIXIEZHENGZHIHESHEHUISIXIANGTONGSHEHUIJIEGOU、JIEJIGUANXIHEGUONEIZHENGZHIZHIDUDEYUNZUO,YIJIGUOJIYALIHELILIANGZHUFANGMIANDEXIANSHIJIEHEQILAI,YIBIANZHIYIGETONGLAMEIDEYUNZUOTEDIANMIQIEXIANGGUANDEDUOYUANXINGDEFUZAZHIJIN。DISAN,DUONIANYANJIUZHEILIANGGEDIQUZHIHOU,RIBODIANJINGSHENXINRUGUOBULIJIEYIBILIYAMUGUOXIBANYAHEPUTAOYAYUNYONGYUGAIDIQUDEYUANZEHEZHIDU,JIUBUKENENGLIJIELAMEI。DEQUE,RIBODIANJINGDEGUANDIANSHIJIANGYIBILIYAHELAMEIKANZUOSHIYIGETONGYIDE、DUTEDEWENHUAQUYU,ERBUSHIJIANGQIKANZUOSHIHUBUXIANGGANDEDILIQUYUDEZUCHENGBUFEN——JINGUANRIBODIANJINGCHENGRENBUJINYIBILIYAHELAMEIZHIJIANCUNZAIZHUDUOCHAYI,ERQIEHAISHOUDAOLEQITAWAIBUYINGXIANG(BIRUOUZHOUHEMEIGUO)DECHONGJI。DANGRAN,LAMEIHEYIBILIYAZAIZHUDUOFANGMIANDOUSHIDUTEDE,YINGDANGJIYUXIZHIDEQUBIEDUIDAI,DANBENSHUGUANZHUDESHIHONGDATUJING、GONGTONGXING,YIJIZUOWEIDUTEWENMINGDEYIBILIYAHELAMEI。

BENSHUZAIZHUDUOFANGMIANDOUSHIYIHUXUNCHANGDE。SHOUXIAN,JIHUMEIYOURENZAIXIELAMEIDEZHENGZHILILUNHUOZHENGZHICHUANTONG。QICI,ZUIHOUYIBENGUANYUZHEIGEZHUTIDEZONGHETUSHUJIHUYIJINGCHUBAN30NIANLE,ERJINYIJINGBUZAIKANYIN。BUJINRUCI,DADUOSHUGUANYULAMEIZHENGZHISIXIANGDESHUDOUSHICONGDULISHIQIKAISHIXIEDE,YINCIHULVELELAMEIZHIJINRENGZAIKUKUKANGJUDE、JIQIZHONGYAODEZHIMINSHIDAI。JINGUANRUCI,QIZHONGBINGMEIYOUYIBENSHUGUANZHULAMEIFENGJIANDEHEZHONGSHIJIDEGENYUAN,TAYUANYUZHONGSHIJIDEXIBANYAHEPUTAOYA,SHIZHIGUANZHONGYAODE。JIURIBODIANJINGSUOZHI,MEIYOUYIBENGUANYULAMEIZHENGZHILILUNDESHUJIJIANGZHEIYIZHUTIKANZUOSHIGENGGUANGFANDEDIQUZHENGZHIWENHUADEYIBUFENERJIAYIXITONGTAOLUN,YEMEIYOUYIBENZHEIYANGDESHUSHITUJIANGZHENGZHILILUNTONGGENGGUANGFANDESHEHUIJINGJIHEFAZHANYITIXIANGLIANXI。BENSHUJIQIFANGFAJIXINYINGYOUDUTE,TANTAODESHIJINGCHANGBEIHULVEDEZHONGYAOYITI。BENSHUYEPOYOUCIJIXING,YOUKENENGYINFATAOLUNHEBIANLUN。

BENSHUDEXIEZUOMUDEYOUER: YISHIGONGDUILAMEIGANXINGQUDEPUTONGDUZHEYUEDU,ERSHIZUOWEIYOUGUANLAMEI、BIJIAOZHENGZHI、ZHENGZHILILUNHEFAZHANZHUYIWENTIDENGKECHENGHUOYANTAOHUIDEJIAOCAIHUOZHEBUCHONGYUEDUCAILIAO。ZUICHUDEZHANGJIESHEJIBAOKUO22GEYITI,DUIYUYIXUEQIDEKECHENGERYANSHITAIDUOLE;DANGQIAN12ZHANGDEJIEGOUZHIXULAOSHIMEIYIGEZHUYAOYITIHUAFEIYIGEZHOUDESHIJIAN,YEKEYIGENJUSHIJIANHEXINGQUDUIZHEIXIEZHANGJIEJINXINGXIFEN。

日博电竞BENSHUSHIRIBODIANJINGJIN40NIANLAIZAIYIBILIYABANDAOHELAMEISHENGHUOYUGONGZUO,YIJIYANJIUYUXIEZUOLIANGDADIQUYITIDEJIEJING。20SHIJI50NIANDAIMOHE60NIANDAICHU,RIBODIANJINGSHIMIXIEGENDAXUEDEBENKESHENG,YEZHENGSHIZAINEISHI,RIBODIANJINGXIANSHIXUANXIULELAMEIHEXIBANYAKECHENG,JIEZHEYOUGONGDUYANJIUSHENG,ZAIHOURIBODIANJINGCHENGLEYIMINGXUEZHE,YEZUOGUOLAMEIZHENGCEXIANGGUANDEZHIYE。RIBODIANJINGDEXUESHUSHENGYASHIYU20SHIJI60NIANDAIXUEXILAMEIKECHENGZHISHI,DANRIBODIANJINGZAILAMEIDAIDESHIJIANYUEZHANG,RIBODIANJINGYANJIUDEGUOJIAJIUYUEDUO,RIBODIANJINGJIUYUJIAXIANGXIN: YAOLIJIELAMEIDEGONGXING,JIUBIXUHUISUZHIXIBANYAHEPUTAOYADEBENYUAN。ZHEIYINLINGRIBODIANJING20SHIJI70NIANDAIDONGDANGDESHINIAN(1974NIANPUTAOYAGEMING,1975NIANDAZONGTONGFULANGXISIKE·FOLANGGEQUSHI,YIJIXIBANYAHEPUTAOYALIANGGUODEMINZHUZHUANXING)LIKUODALERIBODIANJINGDUIYIBILIYADEYANJIU,WEIRAOYIBILIYAHELAMEI,YIJI20SHIJI80NIANDAIHE90NIANDAILIANGDIJIANDEGUANXIJINXINGXIEZUO。ZAINEI40NIANJIAN,YIBILIYAHELAMEIFASHENGLEJUDADEBIANHUA,DANZAIRIBODIANJINGDEXINMUZHONG,SHEHUIJIEGOUHEZHENGZHISIXIANGJIXINGWEI(BAOKUOZAOQIXINGCHENGJIEDUANHERIBODIANJINGSUOXIEDEJIANGUOYUANZE)DEYANXUXINGTONGYANGLINGRENYINXIANGSHENKE。

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